Library and Information Science is a profession that is much in demand now a days as it has a huge scope for studying from certificate level to Post doctoral; and growth in terms of career from beginning level to senior managerial level. LIS professionals can be placed in any sector. Sky is the limit for those who are proactive and are service oriented, as well as constantly updating and learning the latest Information and Communication Technologies and Tools. There are number of career prospects both at National and International levels.
- Academic Institutions
- State Government
- Central Government
- Research and Training Institutions
- Military: Army, Navy, Airforce
- Police, BSF
- Investigation Agencies/Secret Intelligence
- Foreign Embassies/High Commissions
- International Centers
- Databases Publishers/Vendors/Suppliers
- Law Firms
- Library Networks – Local, State, National, International
- Media: Print and E-Newspapers, News Channels, Radio Stations
- Private Companies/Corporate Houses
- Publishing: Indexing, Abstracting, Bibliographies
- Search Engines/Meta Search Engines – Catalogue, Classify, Meta Tag
- Conducting Literature Review
- Searching and Researching
- Setting up libraries
- Training Students – Manual, Automation, Library Softwares
There are professionals who have done LIS and have moved onto
- Image Management
- Social Media
Along with LIS degree if a professional has other skills then they can bargain for a better salary package in private institutions.
- Subject Specialization: If a LIS professional has a graduate/post graduate degree in various other subject specialisations they get placed in relevant institutions. For example: LAW+LIS= Placed in Law Firms, BPOs/KPOs for Auditing and Taxation firms, Police etc
- Local/Foreign Language: If a LIS professional has knowledge of local knowledge can be placed in State/National Archives and museums and foreign language will be placed in National Organisations/Ministries which liase with foreign governments or companies or in International Organisations.
- IT Skills: If a LIS professional has knowledge of IT or ICT or Social Media can be placed in any institution
- Course from Abroad: Indian LIS degree is not recognised abroad. LIS professionals need to do a course abroad to get placements there.
- Scholarships National/International: There are many scholarships available. Check UGC site for more information.
- MOOC: Massive Open Online Courses give added advantage
Many LIS professionals are attending Conferences/Workshops National and International. They are writing journal articles, books etc.
Courses in Library and Information Science
- Certificate course in Library and Information Science (CLISc/CLIS/C Lib) OR
Diploma course in Library and Information Science (DLISc/DLIS/D Lib) Eligibility is 10+2/Intermediate (Duration 6 months – 1 year; Medium of instruction: Local Language/English)
- Bachelor in Library and Information Science (BLISc/BLIS/B Lib) Eligibility is Graduate in any discipline + Qualifying for entrance exam (Duration 1 year; Medium of instruction: English)
- Master in Library and information Science (MLISc/MLIS/M Lib) Eligibility is BLISc + Qualifying for entrance exam (Duration 1 year; Medium of instruction: English) OR Integrated Masters in Library and Information Science (Duration 2 years; Medium of instruction: English) OR Associateship in Information Science (AIS) from NISCAIR and Associateship in Documentation and Information Science (ADIS) from DRTC (Duration is 2 years and considered equivalent to MLISc; Medium of instruction: English)
- Post Graduate Diploma Courses like PGDLAN (UoH), PGDDIM (OU) are being extended by Universities to upgrade knowledge and meet the market demand
- M.Phil in Library and Information Science Eligibility is MLISc (Duration 2 years; Medium of instruction: English) (Duration 1 year; Medium of instruction: English)
- Ph.D in Library and Information Science Eligibility MLISc + Qualifying for PhD entrance exam with SET/SLET or UGC NET. (People qualified for JRF, published research articles in peer reviewed Journals are given preference) (Duration is 3 years full time-5 years part time; Medium of instruction: English)
- Post Doctoral in LIS (Duration depends; Medium of instruction: English)
Colleges/Institutions/Universities extending the courses are
- Institutions: Evening – Part time
- Colleges and Universities: Full Time
- Distance Mode
There is standard terminology regarding job designations and job descriptions for LIS professionals in government and academic institutions in India. Most of the job designations are bland and archaic and clubbed under the designation of ‘Librarian’ irrespective that the LIS professional is proactive and the current job description include handling social media, training, marketing etc. Corporate designations are very innovative and limited only by flights of fancy of the HR personnel/CEO/Owner of the Organisation/Company.
Traineeship/ Apprenticeship/ Internship: Training is either free, or sometimes with a paid stipend and a certificate. Duration of training is anywhere from 1 month-1 year.
Designations LIS Administration: Government/Academic Institutions
- Deputy Librarian/Associate Professor
- Assistant Librarian/Assistant Professor
- Library Assistant Grade II
- Library Assistant Grade I
- Professional Assistant
- Semi Professional Assistant
- Technical Assistant
- Cataloguer/Card writer (obsolete position now due to automation)
- Book Keeper
- Any person handling a Library at a School, College, University level is called a Librarian. The only demarcation is the salary structure. There are State Scales, UGC Central Scales and a fixed pay as decided by Management.
- The LIS professionals who are in Library management are called Assistant Librarians. But few states like Telangana State have re-designated Assistant Librarians as Assistant Professor. But there is a catch here. These Assistant Professors/Assistant Librarians enjoy all the benefits due to Assistant Professors on par with various other departments except
- They do not have vacation
- They cannot take PhD Guideship under UGC rules
- They cannot undertake UGC Major/Minor Research Project
Designations LIS Teaching: Government/Academic Institutions
- Professor (18 years to reach this position)
- Associate Professor – 6 years for next position
- Assistant Professor (Senior Scale) – 8 years for next position
- Assistant Professor – 4 years for next position
- Temporary Positions (Renewed every year)
- Assistant Professor (Contract)
- Part-time Lecturer
Types of Libraries under Government/Academic Institutions
Designations Corporate/Private Institutions
- Documentation Officer
- Information Analyst
- Information Consultant
- Information Manager
- Information Professional
- Knowledge Manager
Types of Libraries in Corporate/Private Institutions
- Information Centers (IC)
- Knowledge Centers (KC)
- Knowledge Resource Center (KRC)
- Knowledge Management Center (KMC)
- Learning and Resource Centers (LRC)
- Learning and Information Exchange Center (LIEC)
- Knowledge Exchange and Information Center (KEIC)
- Resource Management Center (RMC)
Note: Foreign nationals wishing to study LIS course/PhD in India or do a job in India need to connect with their foreign office and Indian foreign office for more details.
- List alphabetized by Lois Wilkins http://inalj.com/?p=1302
- Real Job Titles for Librarians & Information Professionals! at http://www.michellemach.com/jobtitles/realjobs.html
- Real Job Titles of Information Specialists in French by Elena Bubelich http://elenabubelich.wordpress.com/professional/job_titles_french/
- Career in Library and Information Science by Dr. Babita Jaiswal http://employmentnews.gov.in/Career%20in%20Library%20and%20Information%20Science.asp
Dr Achala Munigal
Note: Please connect with Achala at AchalaMunigalRao@gmail.com before reposting, translating as this article is copyrighted!
Career Path for LIS Professionals in India – Education and Job Designations by Dr Achala Munigal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.