A friend and me got chatting and the topic turned around the syllabus of Library and Information Science Discipline. She was mentioning that the syllabus was outdated and that LIS departments are not equipping students with what is actually required on the job. She was lamenting about abundant LIS graduates with no proper employbility skill set. She was derisive of LIS faculty STILL teaching Cataloging, Sears Subject Heading, Univeral Decimal Classification (UDC), Colon Classification (CC) etc as most of the libraries are following Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC).
For the uninitiated, Colon Classification (CC) published in 1933 is the first faceted or analytico-synthetic library classification developed by Padmashri S R Ranganathan, who is known as Father of Library Science in India. The name CC comes from use of colon (:) to separate the facets Personality, Matter, Energy, Space, Time (PMEST).
Colon Classification was designed from 1924 to 1928 and was first published in 1933 by the Madras Library Association. 6th edition was the last one to be published when Ranganathan was alive. Ranganathan published a preview of the proposed 7th edition in 1969 but sadly passed away in 1972 before 7th edition was published. The work of revision of scheme was undertaken by Ranganathans associates under Sarada Ranganathan Endowment for Library Science (SRELS) and revised 7th edition was brought out in 1987 but unfortunately its not a complete edition and has no index! Colon Classification is published by SRELS, Ess Ess Publications, Concept Publishing Co providing text online, 6th Edition of Colon Classification Full Text on KrishiKosh
If interested one can check out an example of CC at L’International Society for Knowledge Organization (ISKO) website.
I for one immediately protested on hearing the suggestion for blanket ban on above listed topics. I responded that I was sure faculty is doing a tremendous job in difficult situation surrounding them with indifferent administration; unsupportive UGC/government policies; lackadaisical students and nonchalant working professionals blaming them. Although, I agreed with her partially and told her as much. I always feel that all the above subjects overview should be provided, so that students know history and various classification systems and that in-depth practicals. Practical exams were not ‘practical’ (pun intended) as where would they apply she asked?
I support teaching CC for following reasons
- Because an Indian had introduced it to the world and we as librarians from India should be proud of it! We should ensure that CC is not lost in obscurity in sands of time!
- Jobs are available (National and International libraries following CC)
- Another reason provided by Dr I R N Goudar is its application in the Internet era!
On hearing this she demanded to know where CC was implemented and how many jobs were available.
I knew only a couple of libraries that implemented CC as S R Ranganathan had worked in these places – initially as University Librarian at Madras University (1924-1944) followed by Banaras Hindu University where he worked as librarian and professor of Library Science (1945–47) and later again as Professor of Library Science in University of Delhi (1947–55) so had implemented CC in all those libraries.
I Googled to find if there is any list of libraries implementing CC was available online but unfortunately did not come across one! We as library professionals are taught to document our information and make it available. We always do it in work sphere but have never applied it in the Library Science field by listing various aspects of it and making it available online for reference and posterity.
So I posted on IndiaLibraries WhatsApp group and the members responded immediately and listed out the following Libraries in India which follow the CC. Once this blog was posted came across numerous other suggestions which I have incorporated into the compiled list.
The following Libraries are still using CC:
- Banaras Hindu University Library, Varanasi (Source: Dr Lata Suresh, Director – Knowledge Resource Centre, Indian Institute of Corporate Affairs, Gurgaon)
- CFTRI Library, Mysore (Source: Dr I R N Goudar)
- Deccan College, Library, Pune (Source: Dr Achala Munigal)
- Delhi University Library, Delhi (Source: Mr Anoop Bisht)
- Gujarat Vidhyapeet Library, Ahmedabad (Source: Mrs Geeta Gadhavi, HoD DLIS Gujarat University, Gujarat)
- Karnataka University Library, Dharwad (Source: Dr B Ramesha, Professor, DLISc Bangalore University, Bangalore)
- Madras University Library, Chennai (Source: Dr Krishnaswamy)
- National Aeronautical Library, Bangalore (Source: Mr Ashok Babu, Former Librarian ASL, DRDO)
- Podar College Library, Dadar (Source: Dr Jyoti Bhabal)
- Punjab University Library, Patiala (Source: Dr Prabhjot Sandhu)
- Ruia College Library, Mumbai (Source: Mr Himanshu Aggarwal)
- S P Pune Univesity Library, Pune (Source: Ms Durga)
- Sanskrit University Library, Jaipur (Source: Mr Umesh Sharma)
- Savitribai Pule University Library (Source: Mr Satish Naikar)
- State Central Library, Thiruvananthapuram (Source: Mr Thushanth T. L. Librarian Gr 2 State Central Library, Kerala)
- University of Kerala Library, Thiruvananthapuram (Source: Mr Thushanth T. L. Librarian Gr 2 State Central Library, Kerala)
The following Libraries followed CC but moving to other classification Systems!
- Connemara Public Library, Chennai moving to DDC (Mr Ashok Babu, Former Librarian ASL, DRDO)
The following Libraries Worldwide using CC
- Museo Friulano di Scienze Naturali, Italy catalogued by Carlo Bianchini (Source: Claudio Gnoli, Librarian Science and Technology Library, University of Pavia, Italy)
Following Department(s) of Library Science in India – Stopped Teaching CC
- DLIS, Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth (Source: Dr Priyamwada Shouche-Joshi, Joshi-Bedekar College, Thane(W))
- DLIS, University of Pune (Source: Dr Priyamwada Shouche-Joshi, Joshi-Bedekar College, Thane(W))
- DLIS, Osmania University (Source: Dr Achala Munigal)
Following Department(s) of Library Science in India – Still Teaching CC Theory Only
- DLIS, University of Mysore, Mysore (Source: Dr Shalini Urs)
Following Department(s) of Library Science in India – Still Teaching CC Theory & Practicals
- DLIS, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur (Source: Dr Achala Munigal)
List of dedicated knowledgeable and skilled professionals or expert panel who can advice on CC: Name with Email id.
For those of you interested in knowing more about CC
- Devika P. Madalli and A.R.D. Prasad: Vyasa: a knowledge representation system for automatic management of analytico-synthetic system. (Website not working)
- Khanna, J.K. Colon Classification. New Delhi, India: Ess Ess Publications, 1986.
- Kumar, P.S.G. Introduction to Colon Classification, Edition 7. Nagpur, India: Dattsons, 1987.
- Parkhi, R.S. Decimal Classification and Colon Classification in Perspective. New York: Asia Publishing House, 1964.
- Raju, A.A.N. Decimal Universal Decimal & Colon Classification. Delhi, India: Ajanta Publications, 1984.
- Ranganathan, S.R. Colon Classification. Madras, India: Madras Library Association, 1933.
- Taylor, Arlene G. Wynar’s Introduction to Cataloging and Classification. 9th ed. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited, 2000.
Note: Request you all to email me at AchalaMunigalRao@gmail.com
- contribute an entry to this listing.
- bring any discrepancy to my notice
Libraries in India following Colon Classification by Dr Achala Munigal is licensed under aCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Dr Achala Munigal
Asst. Prof. (LIS)/Asst. Librarian
NERTU, Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana State